Canada is the second-largest country in the world, and shares the world's largest border with its neighbour, the United States. Due to Canada's vast size, there are many types of landscapes and ecosystems that span the nation, including mountains, coastal regions, forests, prairie grasslands and arctic tundra. Canada is known for its natural beauty and wildlife, so take the chance to explore it while you're here!
Canada's population is just over 35 million people - a small population compared to the size of the country. California state has a larger population than all of Canada! The majority of Canada’s population lives in highly urbanized areas, with most people living in one of four areas: southern Ontario, Montréal region, Vancouver city and southern Vancouver Island, and the Calgary-Edmonton corridor. Ninety percent of Canada’s population lives within 160km of the U.S. border, while northern Canada has a very low population due to its harsh climate.
Canada experiences all four seasons: Spring, Summer, Autumn (Fall) and Winter. The summers, which occur between June and September can be hot and humid with temperatures surpassing 30 degrees Celsius. Spring and Autumn are transition seasons, where there is typically more rain and temperatures rise or fall. Winter in Canada is very cold in most areas of the country, where temperatures typically fall below 0 degree Celsius. Snow can cover the ground from anywhere between December to early April. Some coastal areas such as Vancouver and Victoria often experience more mild winters, where rain is more common than snow.
|Apartment (1 bedroom) in City Centre||$765 - $1,650|
|Apartment (1 bedroom) Outside of Centre||$640 - $1,250|
|Apartment (3 bedrooms) in City Centre||$1,200 - $3,000|
|Apartment (3 bedrooms) Outside of Centre||$1,000 - $2,200|
|Groceries for One Person (one month)||$200 - $300|
|Monthly Public Transportation Pass||$78 - $125|
|Internet Connection (high speed, one month)||$40 - $85|
|Meal, Inexpensive Restaurant||$12 - $20|
|Fast Food Meal (hamburger, soft drink, fries)||$8 - $11|
|Movie||$11 - $16|
|Coffee from Specialty Coffee Shop||$3 - $5|
|Gas/Petrol (per litre)||$0.96 - $1.5|
Higher Education in Canada
There are a variety of higher education (post-secondary) institutions in Canada, which include colleges, technical and applied arts/science schools, and universities. Colleges often grant certificates, diplomas and associate degrees, whereas universities, which are typically more research intensive, grant both undergraduate and postgraduate degrees, such as bachelors and masters degrees.
Achieving an undergraduate degree in Canada takes anywhere between three to four years to complete depending on the program and university. A postgraduate degree takes between one to three years to complete, depending on the type of postgraduate degree you plan to earn.
There are slight differences in the educational system from province to province as higher education institutions in Canada are managed by their respective provincial governments.
Cost of Studying in Canada
Compared to most English-speaking countries, the cost of studying in Canada is more affordable. The cost of tuition for a university undergraduate degree can range anywhere between $15,000 to $35,000 depending on the institution and the program you choose to study. Tuition fees for arts and humanities degrees tend to be lower than degrees in engineering or medicine.
Don't forget that there will also be housing and meal plan costs if you choose to live on campus, as well as book costs and more. It is important to have a solid understanding of the fee breakdown for your chosen institution.
You can use tool to get a better understanding of what school in Canada might cost you.
How to apply to a school, college or university
Once you have chosen a place to study you will need to apply to that school, college or university. Every school has different rules on how to apply.
University and college students should apply a year before they want to start their studies.
Contact the school where you want to study to learn how to apply. They will give you the right application forms and be able to tell you about:
- the cost of applying;
- tuition fees;
- health insurance;
- rent and how much it will cost to live in Canada;
- language tests.
Fill out the application form for the school or schools of your choice, and submit it according to the instructions provided. If the school admits you as a student, they will send you a letter of acceptance. You need a letter of acceptance in order to apply for a Study Permit.
Are You Eligible to Study in Canada?
According to the Government of Canada, you must meet several requirements to be able to receive a student visa and study in Canada.
- You must have been accepted by a designated learning institution in Canada.
- You must prove that you have enough money to pay for your:
- tuition fees
- living expenses for yourself and any family members who come with you to Canada and
- return transportation for yourself and any family members who come with you to Canada.
- You must be a law-abiding citizen with no criminal record and not be a risk to the security of Canada. You may have to provide a police certificate.
- You must be in good health and willing to complete a medical examination, if necessary.
- You must satisfy an immigration officer that you will leave Canada at the end of your authorized stay.
When Should You Apply for Your Study Permit?
International students interested in studying in Canada should ensure that they are familiar with the rules and processes involved in coming to Canada to study. The best and most accurate source for information is the Canadian federal government. The federal government runs Citizenship and Immigration Canada (CIC) - which links immigration services with citizenship registration and is responsible for and admitting immigrant, foreign students, visitors and temporary workers.
You should apply for your study permit as soon as you receive a letter of acceptance. The times needed to process your application may vary among visa offices, so it is best to allow as much time as possible. You can see application processing times